Expanded Poly Styrene

This is published information on the effects of UV exposure to expanded polystyrene (EPS) foam insulation. Prolonged exposure to the sun may cause slight discoloration and surface dusting of EPS foam. This will not significantly affect its insulating properties. It is suggested that EPS, when stored outside, should be protected with a light-colored opaque material.

We recommended EPS be covered within 60 days at which time color fading and/or surface dusting may occur. The rate at which ultra-violet light affects polystyrene affects is consistent with geographical and weather influences.

There are (3) stages of polystyrene reaction to UV exposure:

  1.  Fading and/or discoloration happens within 2-4 weeks and depends on exposure rates. *This does not impact physical performance properties in any way.
  2. Dusting is the result of the thin layering covering the surface which can deteriorate the outermost structure of the polystyrene. *This does not impact the integrity of the overall material.
  3. An extended period of exposure can result in deterioration, the material thickness can erode to a point where r-value loss is possible due to the proportional reduction in insulation thickness.

The Industry for EPS citations

Shape Your Own

Shaping your own surfboard is a hugely satisfying experience. Shaping surfboards is a difficult task, it really is, and you will gain more respect for professional shapers along the way. It’s an exercise that every surfer should do at least once in their life. Riding a surfboard you shaped yourself, even if it’s not particularly well shaped, is one of the coolest things a surfer can do..

Heres a few links to help you get started..



Enneagram Test Un

Enneagram Type Score
Type 3, The Achiever 24
Type 8, The Challenger 22
Type 6, The Loyalist 18
Type 1, The Reformer 17
Type 7, The Enthusiast 17
Type 2, The Helper 13
Type 9, The Peacemaker 13
Type 5, The Investigator 11
Type 4, The Individualist 9

Personality Type THREE: The Achiever

The Success-Oriented, Efficient Type:
Adaptive, Excelling, Driven, and Image- Conscious

Generally, Threes are effective, competent, adaptable, goal-oriented, ambitious, organized, diplomatic, charming, into performance, and image-conscious.

Threes get into conflicts by being expedient, excessively driven, competitive, self-promoting, “appropriate” instead of sincere, boastful, and grandiose.

At their best, Threes are inner-directed, authentic, modest, admirable, well-adjusted, gracious, interested in others, and self-accepting.

Recognizing Threes

Type Three exemplifies the desire to be our best self, to develop all of our potentials, and to value ourselves and others. Threes are the “stars” of the personality types—people of tremendous drive, ambition, and belief in themselves. Threes want to excel, to be the best at whatever they do, and they are willing to put in the effort it takes to do so. Threes can be found at the gym, taking classes at night, putting in extra hours at work, learning how to coordinate their best colors when they dress—basically doing what it takes to shine. While Threes are energetic and ambitious, they are also diplomatic—they want to be liked and esteemed by others. They strive to be presentable and appropriate, not wanting to come across in ways that would be disapproved of. They know how to put their best foot forward and present themselves in a way that highlights their energy and confidence.

Threes are, above all, goal-oriented. They get a particular objective in their sights and then actively engage in activities that will bring them closer to whatever they seek. They pursue their dreams tirelessly, and cannot understand why others are not similarly motivated. Thus, Threes also enjoy sharing self-development tips, explaining how to make money, lose weight, develop career skills, and so forth. They are hard workers, diligent and effective—and they like helping others to be that way, too.

To achieve their goals, Threes learn to be highly adaptable. They are able to change course when necessary and may even do so several times, including a change of career, if that is what it takes. They may try different approaches to problems until they find a formula that seems the most effective. Similarly, Threes quickly adapt to different social settings, always wanting to be appropriate and to exemplify the values of whatever group they are in. While their adaptability can be an enormous asset, it can also be overdone, leaving Threes unsure of who they are or what their own deepest values are.

In all of their dealings, Threes value efficiency and effectiveness, and they are often prized by businesses for these values. They are extremely goal-driven, and once they are given a task to perform, will do their best to make sure that it is done as quickly and efficiently as possible. The problem is that Threes can be efficient to a fault—becoming accomplishment machines, brushing their real feelings and needs aside to “get the job done.” This way of living can leave Threes feeling empty and emotionally isolated, despite the successes they may be having.

Problem arise because Threes learned in childhood that they are only valuable for their accomplishments and self-presentation. They believe that they will only be loved if they become extraordinary in some field of endeavor. Thus, the pressure to be outstanding in whatever they do is intense and draining. Even if they are not working at a career and are primarily keeping a home, they will strive to have the most outstanding home in their neighborhood and to be “Super-Mom” or “Super-Dad.” Threes find it difficult to stop or rest when they are caught up in their drive for success. They believe that to do so is to risk failure—and most Threes would rather die than fail and risk being humiliated. Their drive for success can also create conflicts with their personal or family life. Similarly, intimacy issues are not uncommon.

When Threes push themselves too hard and are unable to deliver everything that they would like to, they may resort to presenting successful images to others rather than letting people know their actual state or emotional condition. They attempt to convince others and themselves that they have no problems and that they are doing great, even though they may feel depressed or even burnt out. They believe that they can “fake it until they make it,” but if Threes do not slow down to deal with their emotional problems, sooner or later, a crash is inevitable.

In brief, Threes want to feel valuable and worthwhile, to excel, to be affirmed, to be effective and efficient, to perform well, to be “the best,” to have attention, to be admired, and to impress others. Threes do not want anything that looks like failure, to sit around “doing nothing,” to be overshadowed by others, to look unprepared or awkward, to be average, to ask others for help or support, or to be caught in distortions of the truth.

Their Hidden Side

Beneath the surface, Threes have deep anxieties about their personal value. They feel that unless they maintain a certain position or image in life, they will be devalued, rejected, and tossed aside as worthless. Thus, they feel a constant inner pressure to “have it together,” to not need much intimacy or personal support, and, above all, to constantly perform at maximum efficiency. Unless you knew a Three very well, you would never suspect the degree of emotional vulnerability and insecurity that they conceal beneath their smooth, efficient surface. The fact is that despite Threes’ apparent social ease, there is great loneliness and a belief that they must not need help or support. As much as possible, Threes try to avoid their feelings of shame and isolation, but a large part of their growth entails allowing these feelings to arise and become integrated into their functioning self.

Relationship Issues

Threes often report that they feel confident in their ability to attract other people. They are usually charming and magnetic, and they know how to behave appropriately. Also, many Threes spend significant time and resources cultivating their personal presentation. They work at being in good physical condition and are often well-groomed. They want their partner to be proud of them and their accomplishments, so they often are drawn to people who they believe will appreciate them. The problem is that Threes fear that many parts of themselves may be less than outstanding or even unacceptable. Fears of potential rejection may prevent them from letting people get close to them. Significant relationship issues include the following:

  • Holding the partner to strict standards that the partner does not wholeheartedly share.
  • Presenting a favorable image that they later fear they will not be able to live up to.
  • Fearing that people only want them for their looks or abilities.
  • Not speaking up when they need help or support, then resenting the partner for not supporting them.
  • Workaholism as a way of avoiding intimacy.
  • Pre-emptively leaving relationships out of fear of rejection, or having serial relationships (“conquests”) as a way of bolstering their self-image.
  • Haranguing the partner for not reflecting well on them, for behaving in ways that do not support the Three’s self-image.

Type Compatibility

To learn more about compatibility issues and relationships with other types, see the Enneagram Type Combinations.

The Passion: Deceit (Vanity)
Deceit here is primarily a kind of self-deception. Threes convince themselves that only their image and their performance are valuable. They subconsciously feel that their own natural inner qualities are inadequate or unacceptable, so they strive to become the sort of person that they believe others would look up to. They have an idea of the qualities, talents, and appearance that they need to have in order to be acceptable, and they work tirelessly to embody those qualities.

Thus, Threes convince themselves that they must always be outstanding, superb, and exceptional—the best at whatever they are focusing on. To be any less than this is to fail, to be worthless. This is like the child who gets straight A’s but is then tormented by getting an A-minus or a B-plus, or the athlete who wins several gold medals but then feels like a failure for getting a silver or bronze. This kind of self-rejection and self-deception causes Threes a great deal of suffering. Once Threes lose themselves in these self-deceptions, truth becomes whatever works to keep their self-image going, and they are able to deceive others, often without any apparent remorse.

At Their Best
Healthy Threes are excellent communicators, motivators, and promoters, and they know how to present something in a way that’s acceptable and attractive. In the workplace, they can be very effective at building morale and company spirit. They value excellence and accomplishment and truly enjoy helping others discover how to shine. Even when they are not “coaching” others, they often inspire people to become like them in some way.

Healthy Threes are able to do this because they believe in themselves and invest time and energy in developing their native talents. They value themselves, their lives, and the people they love, seeing life as an opportunity to offer what talents they have been given to the world. They are also “adaptable” in the best sense of the word. If they see that they are doing something incorrectly or that their methods are not reaping positive results, they are willing to learn another way and to change. Further, healthy Threes are not in a contest with anyone. They deeply enjoy working with others toward shared goals and do not need to outshine their peers.

Thus, healthy Threes may or may not have significant accomplishments, but others are impressed by their realness and their heartfelt sincerity. They model an honesty, simplicity, and authenticity that inspires people. They do not try to impress others or inflate their importance; rather, they see their limitations and appreciate their talents without taking themselves too seriously. At their best, they are also tender, touchingly genuine, and affectionate—they truly become “heroes” and “role models” who inspire others by their outstanding achievements, humility, and warmth.




“Does this further my top-level goal? If I put every small decision to that test, I keep my priorities in order.” –A. Duckworth

Prioritizing daily life, is daily life for me. Organized and meticulous from a young age, military trained, organization, attention to detail, and time management has been ingrained in me. Arrangement, coordination, and management allow for a certain level of comfortability in my life.  What time will I get up tomorrow? What are the most important tasks to tackle today? What has to be done immediately? What will I accomplish today to contribute to the overall mission and goals I have set for my future? These daily stresses surround my life but I am at peace because God has a larger plan in store for my life. Planning is crucial, planning is what makes you successful, releasing that responsibility, recognizing the Lords path, and trusting in Him is the crucial aspect to life.

My mission is to serve others, drive success, and follow the plan of the Lord.  To serve others is to bring joy into one’s life. Whether service in business or success in personal being, I believe we are to positively influence those around us. To drive success is to motivate and to teach others those same tools to succeed. Learn from your mistakes, learn from your success, and create opportunities to teach others and be successful. Your plan may not be the plan that is truly intended for you. Trust in His plan.

The vision I have for my life is to be successful. Successful in my career and successful in being all I can be for my family. My life has been filled with so much joy and experience thus far, that my vision remains simple, success and pride in my family.

My ideal job would be to own a sustainable business of my own. Operating in the top chairs of the company, assembling a qualified staff, taking care of my employees and bringing an innovative product to market. Practicing business brings joy to my life, I know it is where I am meant to be.

Job title, family life, residence, 5-10 years:

Operations Manager: 1 year – Complete my bachelor’s degree at PLNU while maintaining a management position in my current field, follow on master’s degree in business or second degree in accounting to later utilize in my business practices

Owner: 2-5 years – In the next 2-5 years I would like to see my company reach a financially stable position where I can pay my bills, my employees, and myself.

CEO: 5 years – In 5-10 years I would like to reach a position either in my own company, or another company where high level decisions rest on my shoulders, I am looking for that type of higher responsibility. Financial security achieved at this point.

Retired: 10 years – In a perfect world, selling a company that I started before the age of 45 would be ideal. Using that income to boost any of my other business and secure my personal financials. I would love to spend half of my day at the beach surfing and the other half in the office.

3 Values:

  • Loyalty– Loyal in every aspect of my life. Loyal to God, loyal to my family, and loyal to the people I conduct business and friendships with on a daily basis.
  • Consistency– I wish and promise to remain consistent every day. To strive for greatness and remain consistent in every decision I make.
  • Growth– Personal and spiritual growth is crucial to a successful life. Growth in relationships, growth in your relationship with the Lord.
  • Honesty– To remain honest always, honest to my family, honest with God, honest in business, and most importantly, honest with myself. I want to remain honest and have the reputation of a trustworthy person.

 Measurable goals:

  • Own a sustainable business
  • Recognized in my career
  • Challenging, motivating job
  • Break tax bracket of my parents
  • Established local/international networks
  • Involved in network of business
  • Healthy
  • Family with values and true love and affection for one another
  • Making my wife proud, happy
  • Close relationship with God


Every day I strive to be the best man I can be. To be honest, to be loyal, to be consistent, these are the aspects of my life that will bring me the success I desire in life. To go out and get after it and sometimes it is hard to follow a plan that you cannot see. It is however, easy to trust in the fact there is a path the Lord has carved out for my life. When life gets hard, when it is hard to see where my path is headed, I sit back and rest assured that there is a special plan out the for me. A plan tailored specifically for me, a plan that will bring my best qualities into the lives of others and the people around me. The plan may be small, my whole life may be intended for one small moment, a moment that may have an affect I am not aware of. Being a Christian makes my life easy. I know I am headed exactly where I need to be.


Fins are either made by hand with machine assistance or made in molds by machines. The way to tell is fairly simple. Look at the cleanliness of the bases, the blended corners, or the foils along the outer edges. Fin manufacturing conversations need to divulge further into margins, the large brands, the fin boxes and where it all comes from. The overall fin manufacturing industry is a unique and under appreciated. Consumer awareness is crucial and appreciation is long overdue. It will start here.

The first Hawaiian surfers with their Olo boards did not have fins. They weren’t really maneuvering their boards too much—most wave riding was done moving straight into shore. Ancient Hawaiian Surfers Going FinlessInstead of trying to carve turns, the ancient Hawaiians found a pleasant sport in simply trying to keep the board pointed straight while being pushed by the wave.

Before fins, the only method to control where the board was going was to stick your feet and toes into the water.

Take your fin off once in a while, give it a go. WE ENCOURAGE YOU TO EXPLORE YOUR OPTIONS and take yourself further out of your comfort zone. It will help with your skill level and allow you to understand the way waves truly work. A constant fin rotation will show you how your fins flex and snap to, as your turn into crucial sections. You will learn that all fin designs are different and you will learn that you will perform better on certain fins. Get your fin keys out and switch your fins!

Go Fish.

A surfboard design invented by Steve Lis of San Diego, California, which features a wide nose and broad swallow-type tail design, with a twin-fin setup; in recent years, refers to almost any short, stubby, wide surfboard. 

The Fish was originally designed in the early ’70s as a board that could be used as a kneeboard and stand-up surfboard, hence its designation as a hybrid. At the time, many surfers were infatuated with the new concept of “total involvement” surfing. Just how deep and tight a rider could surf in the curl was still being mapped out, and there were those — influenced by George Greenough‘s example — who thought that perhaps kneeriding was the best path to “total involvement in the curl.”

The Fish wasn’t the first split-tailed board, nor was it the first twin-fin. Both of these designs had been done in balsa as far back asBob Simmons‘ and even Tom Blake‘s time. In fact, ultra-short twin-fins were already making the rounds in the very early ’70s, before Steve Lis is credited with combining both the split tail (swallow) and the twin-fin into what came to be known as the “Fish.”

The Fish was the epitome of the backyard board. The backyard revolution was sweeping through the surfing world in the late ’60s and early ’70s, as new ideas came faster — and old dogma tossed away more readily — than the big-time, cookie-cutter surf industry could react to in time. The Fish was designed in obscurity and popularized by word of mouth — in direct contrast to the over-hyped and superstar-endorsed log models put out by the major manufacturers at that time.

A Fish board, as ridden by Reno Abellira, was the original board that begat the Mark Richards twin-fin era in the late ’70s, and the original Fish design is still popular today. At around five-and-a-half feet in length and at least 21 inches wide, the outline appears anything but racy, but that’s exactly what the fish offers. It’s a potent design; even period boards that are shackled with some of the cruder features that were standard in the ’70s can be much faster than a modern “high-performance” shortboard. Perhaps that is why so many young hotties scrounge garage sales and used board racks to find a vintage Fish that will give them a taste of blinding horizontal speed that the modern shortboard lacks.

Of course, the array of spin-offs that popped up in the mid-90s and continue today — each with its own model name, dimensions and fin arrangements — can’t rightly be called Fish. Such postmodern are generally just slightly wider shortboards with swallowtails. (The younger generation of surfers using them generally ride widths of 17.5 inches to 18.5 inches; so any board over 19 inches would be the equivalent of the ’70s or early ’80s surfer riding a 21-inch wide board.)

First sparked by Tom Curren‘s 1992 J-Bay speed run on one of Derek Hynd’s custom, keel-fin Skip Frye’s, high-performance fans tended to ‘split the difference’ between their standard dimensions and fin set-ups and the original Fish concept — adding an inch or so of width and maybe a tiny-trailer between two normal fins. Other additions came over the next 10 to 15 years — including a shift in popularity from twins to quads, and more pulled in tails for turns.

No matter the interpretation, such fuller, more balanced outlines and flatter rockers offered much more agility and easy lift in junk surf and showed where hotdog surfboard design was heading, best represented by the late 2000’s arrival of boards like of Lost’s “Rocket” or Dane Reynolds’ “Dumpster Diver.” (Proof that even a truly sensible or functional trend in surfboard design must be camouflaged with a gimmicky names or a superstar rider to appeal to a certain market).

In the end, all forms of Fish are really just hipper versions of the funboardphilosophy, adding some foam to make surfing more enjoyable. And though all may borrow more from the mid-’80s tri-fin than it does from the more extreme Lis Fish, they remain a welcome alternative to the super-narrow, rockered-out designs of previous decades.

— Dave Parmenter

Original article on Surfline, written by Dave Parmenter.